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Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Techniques
Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is a combat sport developed ages ago by Asian monks. It is a way to defend oneself through various techniques of ground fighting and grappling. The techniques used in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu have evolved with a focus on fighting a stronger competitor and nullifying this advantage. While fighting, a stronger or larger opponent has advantage of better reach which he can translate into harder strikes. However, ground fighting does not provide this advantage.
Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu uses tactics that involve throwing and tackling the opponent on ground. For this, the fighter needs to use the primary bases of his body — hips and shoulders. This requires a lot of practice, especially if the opponent is stronger. Once the opponent is on the ground, a fighter can use various Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu techniques to force the opponent to submit. The fighter has to aim to get a dominant position. This requires him to have a strong attack as well as defense mechanism. A fighter has to plan his moves and gauge his opponent’s moves to successfully win over him.
The submission holds used in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu can be broadly divided into two groups — joint locks and chokeholds. Joint locks can be defined as a position where a fighter isolates a joint of his opponent. This move is very painful. The fighter can use pressure to put his opponent’s joint out of motion so that he can control his entire body and force him to submit.
Chokeholds can be defined as moves that aim at disrupting the blood supply to the brain. These moves can cause unconsciousness and the opponents can be forced to submit. Though ‘chokes’ literally mean moves that stop air-supply to the brain, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu technique stops blood supply to the brain. This means strangling but it is less dangerous than choking. Choking can damage the windpipe of the opponent, which can lead to death. Stopping of blood supply to brain causes immediate unconsciousness and the opponent is not harmed if released immediately.
Another popular way to make the opponent submit is using compression locks. This involves pressing a muscle of the opponent against a strong bone to cause unbearable pain. This move is usually used on the shins and wrists of the opponent.Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu has specific techniques for submission too. An opponent can submit by tapping on the opponent or the man. He can even tap himself several times. In some cases, an opponent can submit verbally too.
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